Ok…this is a bit rough, but it is midnight, I am hitting publish…and after this post I will be taking a break from writing about the common core state standards 🙂
Open your eyes…
I have decided that after having a very successful teaching career, I would takes the $100s that I have saved and start a new foundation. One of the things that I am going to focus on is getting every single computer in the country to run on the same code. I know what you are thinking, I was just a teacher. But think about this…you accepted the Common Core Standards which were pushed to you by Bill Gates a smart computer guy and some other folks who never taught a day in their entire life. I’m a smart teacher, so why wouldn’t all the software writers and computer coders and and the entire computer industry in the United States accept my new rules for the computer industry the way the educators in the United States have accepted the common core standards??
In my last post on common core state standards’ (ccss) data, I gave some general ideas about how your kid’s life will become a bunch of 1’s and 0’s in some mother database. I thought for this post I would write about how it would actually get there. Please note that almost everything in this post is about Connecticut–it is where I live and what I know, but the other states all have similar programs with well-intentioned names that are hard to argue against.
Just a reminder, please don’t be blinded by the argument about poor test construction. Please stop with “the kids should get tested but with good tests.” This movement is not about taking a test or the quality of it. Every argument like that entrenches and creates more profits for the companies behind this movement. It is a smokescreen. Please look at the ultimate force behind CCSS–the need to collect data. If it was about helping kids there would actually be a teacher involved somewhere along the line and not business people with giant corporate backgrounds lobbying for the changes, then the same people writing the changes, and then the same people creating companies to profit from them. Everyone knows the names like Pearson and McGraw Hill, but they are simply the hunters hired by other groups and states to go out and prey on kids and bring back information on your kids’ bodies so they can be dissected by a huge data mining consortium. These companies are vampires that need data to pay their salaries the way vampires need blood, and since kids are only in school during daylight hours, they have created a wave of businesses to collect your kid’s blood for them. There is $32 billion dollars available, that’s $32,000,000,000 available to grant recipients last year from the federal government to mine your kid’s data. That is 32 billion reasons why companies are eager to start digging. Please note, I have no ill will against actual vampires.
Let’s not start all the way in the beginning but in 2005. that was when the Data Quality Campaign (more on them later) identified 10 Essential Elements of a Statewide Longitudinal Data System (SLDS) and pushed lawmakers to build SLDSs so that our kids would outperform the kids in Liechtenstein. In 2007, the federal America COMPETES Act, codified 12 “Required Elements of a P-16 Education Data System.” That brings us to February 7, 2009. That was when President Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) that gave a kizzillion dollars to help America recover. It helped states not lay off teachers, built roads, bridges, and basically saved the country. Huzzah… It also required states, as a condition of receiving a share of the 56.3 billion State Fiscal Stabilization Funds (SFSF), to commit to building a SLDS which would consist of the elements laid out by DQC. Keep in mind, that states were not forced to do this, they volunteered.
Yes it provided billions of dollars in new education funding to states and localities, but a whole bunch of the $$$ was for data data data. It gave money to states to create statewide longitudinal data systems (SLDS) because our test scores were dropping and we were about to be taken over by Liechtenstein world testing rankings. By improving Pre K-20 and career data systems, we would be sure to once again over take Liechtenstein, and identify under-performing schools and shutter them before they damaged one more kid. Some of the money was given to states without them asking, the more kids the more money you got, and the rest was given through competitive grants. Grants specifically for SLDS.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provided $245 million for investing in SLDS. It actually wasn’t a brand new idea but built off of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002 which was the grant program for SLDS. What was different was a lot more $$ and the charge to include data from post-secondary kids and folks moving into the workforce. CT applied for a competitive grant and received a big ol’ check for $2,900,000. It was the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) that actually ran the competition. They are the folks who give your kids the NAEP test(The nation’s report card). In their words:
The purpose of grants under this program is to enable state educational agencies to design, develop, and implement statewide longitudinal data systems to efficiently and accurately manage, analyze, disaggregate, and use individual student data. The long-term goal of the program is to enable all states to:
-create comprehensive P-20 systems that permit the generation and use of accurate and timely data;
-support analysis and informed decision-making at all levels of the education system;
-increase the efficiency with which data may be analyzed to support the continuous improvement of education services and outcomes;
-facilitate research to improve student academic achievement and close achievement gaps;
-support education accountability systems; and,
-simplify the processes used by state educational agencies to make education data transparent through Federal and public reporting.
The money states received was supposed to be used to not just collect data, but more importantly create systems that are connected to other states and are interoperable. That means everyone is basically using the same system (more complicated than that, but same point). That is actually key. By requiring interoperability, it makes it easy for one big company to come in and say “use us and all your systems will automatically be interoperable.” Which becomes more important once you realize that this money was not to be used to just collect data from the departments of education, but across any state agency which might have data on your kid, or you if you are a teacher, data on you.
By the way…there was some money to recruit new high performing teachers. I mean it’s not exactly a moon shot opportunity, but taking down Liechtenstein is up there with tearing down the Berlin Wall. At this point I would like to say that I have no ill will against Liechtenstein.
So Connecticut applied in 2009, and I am sure your state did too, because otherwise they would be paying for it themselves, and CT received $2,900,000 dollars. These grants are intended to enable state education agencies (SEAs) to design, develop, and implement statewide, longitudinal data systems to efficiently and accurately manage, analyze, disaggregate, and use individual student data. These grants by law have to supplement state money, so the state would also have to start spending on data.
Connecticut first assigned each kid in the state attending a public school a unique state identifier (SASID) in 2005, and started to create a data warehouse in 2007. With this money they were now able to start the process of sucking more kids into the system. They already had information on kids who were in Birth to Pre-K programs that received federal or state dollars, now they wanted information on kids who were not.
Continued development of Connecticut’s Early Childhood Information System (ECIS) so that data can be linked into the PK – 20 state longitudinal data system (SLDS). The Connecticut State Department of Education’s (CSDE) SLDS system already includes child and teacher data related for preschool programs that are state — or federally-funded. The intent of this component of the Connecticut 2009 SLDS application is to expand the sources of functional and easily accessible information about young children prior to the time they enter the state’s public school system and integrate reports of that information into the SLDS. The ECIS will serve as the link for data on these additional young children (and their families), the workforce serving them and the programs funded to meet their specific needs for health, safety, learning and early intervention. It is intended to facilitate the acquisition of data about young children who currently are not in the SLDS, the analysis of these data to produce useful information for a variety of stakeholders (including parents, providers, programs, policy makers and researchers), and the regular publication and dissemination of this information. This project is directly in line with requirements specified in the ARRA Race to the Top third assurance related to the establishment and purposes of a PK-20 statewide longitudinal data system.
So all those babies would get SASIDs so they could be tracked from birth to workforce, and all the people that work with those kids would enter the data base. The state would work closely with non-profits who would help them do this.
This next part I am 95% sure I’ve got it right. Connecticut would also work with the CT Health Information Network (CHIN) to increase the amount of data they could acquire and put into the SLDS by connecting lots of different agencies.
Data extraction, analysis and reporting will be based upon extant databases on young children and their families now in use by state agencies. CHIN holds statutory authority now (P.A. 09-05) to extract these data from specific agencies for analysis (Department of Developmental Service, neonatal intensive care hospitals, Department of Public Health and the Department of Children and Families).
Now this next part is pretty interesting to me. Each state kind of applied independently, but with the knowledge that they would all become one big system so each state could focus more money on one thing and then just add their expertise to the pot.
…Connecticut and Massachusetts will work collaboratively to implement a Regional data sharing system that enables the tracking of PK – 20 student mobility and provide more comprehensive answers to questions related to the effectiveness and impact of our educational and support system investments. For the second pilot, Connecticut will collaborate with Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont as a partner in the NESSC along with the Great Schools Partnership(That’s a Gates funded group). While each state is at a different stage in the implementation of its longitudinal data system, each will bring the experience and outcomes reached through previous IES SLDS funding and state funding. In particular, Massachusetts will begin the business requirements stage of this work along with engaging a research and development contractor to document feasibility challenges and options to meet them with a special focus on the legal analyses needed to resolve potential barriers to interstate data sharing presented by confidentiality laws and regulations.
So Connecticut decided to bank part of their application on the fact that Massachussets was going to be able to figure out how to legally get around HIPA and FERPA laws.
We are well aware of the current barrier that FERPA (and related confidentiality legal framework) creates to a data-driven educational research and decision-making process. These impact the other projects in our state proposal as well. However, in anticipation of some possible changes that the U. S. Department of Education has alluded to, the partnership will charge ahead in this collaboration of data sharing towards a more comprehensive view of students’ progress as they move from PK to the workforce.
And Massachusetts did figure out how your state could legally acquire your kids data, and then send it across state lines to other states.
The regulations at 34 CFR § 99.31(a)(1) (2009)then go on to describe sixteen different conditions where non‐consensual disclosure of personally identifiable information is allowed under FERPA. As it is not practical to describe each and every one of these sixteen exceptions in detail, the following discussion focuses on the three exceptions that are most relevant and applicable to the proposed data sharing framework:
a. 34 CFR § 99.31(a)(3)(iv), allowing disclosures to authorized representatives of state and local educational authorities for program evaluation purposes(the “program evaluation” exception);
b. 34 CFR § 99.31(a)(6), permitting disclosures to organizations conducting studies for, or on behalf of educational agencies or institutions(the “studies” exception); and
c. 34 CFR §99.31(a)(1)(i), pertaining to contractors, consultants, volunteers and other parties to whom an educational agency or institution has outsourced services or functions and are thus deemed school officials for purposes of a disclosure (the “school officials and contractors” exception).
Ummm…so if a state outsources their test making to Pearson, Pearson becomes a school official?
Luckily the state of Massachussetts was able to hire the consulting firm Center for Educational Strategies, who was then able to hire some very large and powerful lawyers over at Brinker, Biddle and Reath who specialize in working closely with lawmakers and staff on educational issues and claim to have “have a wide range of contacts and relationships in the Washington education community and provide clients with informed and timely insights on policy developments.”
Naviance helps students and families connect what students do in the classroom to their life goals, including finding colleges and careers based on their personal skills and areas of interests.
In the application Connecticut was going to use some of the money to pilot Student Success Plan (SSP) data elements integration into the SLDS. A couple years later the state made it a law that each kid had to have one.
“For the school year commencing July 1, 2012, and each school year thereafter, each local and regional board of education shall create a student success plan for each student enrolled in a public school, beginning in grade six. Such student success plan shall include a student’s career and academic choices in grades six to twelve, inclusive.” This will provide district staff, particularly each individual student’s mentor teacher, with information about each student’s academic, career and personal goals, and document student progress toward meeting those goals using student achievement in the SLDS. In addition, this will link interventions that schools provide to ensure that each child graduates from high school and meets rigorous academic standards to be well-prepared for success in post-secondary education and the workplace. District staff will be trained to maximize the use of the system.
The Student Success Plan and supporting structures such as student portfolios and academic/personal records should be electronic and portable following the student from school to school and district to district.
And that is where Naviance comes in. Just when states are passing laws making every kid have a SSP Naviance is there to save the day. Why would a state plan how to do this from scratch when Naviance already has a program that can do it for them for a small fee. Naviance is a Hobson company, and Hobson happens to be buddy buddy with the Data Quality Campaign (DQC) group who is:
…setting the 10 Essential Elements of Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems, along with the 10 State Actions, provide a roadmap for state policymakers to create a culture in which quality data are not only collected but also used to increase student achievement. In September 2009, every state committed to implement the 12 America COMPETES Elements – which include DQC’s 10 Essential Elements – and to publicly report this information. As a result, states are now reporting this information to the U.S. Department of Education, and DQC will use those reports as its primary source of information about states’ progress building state longitudinal data systems.
So DCQ tells states what data to collect on your kid and Naviance is there to collect it. DCQ as an advocate for data tells companies and states how to leverage federal dollars to acquire and share data. They suggest “killer questions,” their quotes not mine, that resonate with policy leaders and that will help policy leaders invest in data. They suggest using the graduations rates put out by the National Governors Association graduation compact, because come on, who doesn’t want more kids to graduate. And o’ by the way, if you really want to get the numbers to plug into the formula they came up with you need a better statewide longitudinal data system. Check out their page where they recommend where to get the money, and how to use it → right here ← you have to scroll down to see all of the sources of money, your money.
Did I mention DCQ was started with the help of Bill Gates? And I have to pause here for an interesting inbreeding story…The chairman of DQC is Tom Luce. He served on the special commission in Texas headed by Ross Perot in 1985. That set-up the groundwork for testing the heck out of kids, and when dear Mr. Bush went to the White House he took the ideas from that to form the basis of NCLB. You can look that one up 🙂 The Director of DQC worked for guess who before DQC? Yep…Bill Gates. The DQC gets their funding from people like Gates and groups like Birth to Five Policy Alliance. Birth to Five Alliance was created to “shift the odds in favor of young children at risk for poor outcomes…by promoting innovative and successful policies with the funding necessary to achieve positive early learning, strong families, and good health for vulnerable children birth to age five.” Their co-founder Judith Elesea has “30 years of investment experience,” and “deep, longstanding personal and professional ties to the venture capital community.” Truly a person who has newborns and 3 year olds best interests at heart. By the way, Gates funds the Birth to Five Alliance too.
Naviance collects a wide variety of information from kids:
Includes academic planner
Personality and Learning Style
Schools they apply to, and get rejected from
Their college applications
And other stuff I just don’t know about since I don’t personally use it with kids
Many school make using it compulsory:
In May, each kid who requested transcripts gets a list of where his or her transcripts were sent. Next to each school, the kid has to indicate the outcome of the application and how much scholarship money was received (if any).
In the past, completion of data on Naviance forms was optional for my kids’ school. But starting this year, the counselor will not write recs if names of colleges to apply and student profile are not completed.
My S’s school will not release final transcripts til the boy supplies the names of college where they were accepted and where they decided to attend.
This statement discloses the privacy practices for the Hobsons® website, located at www.naviance.com (the “Site”). By using a Site, you agree to the collection, use and disclosure of your personal information as described in this statement. If you do not agree to the terms of this statement, then please do not use a Site or such publications.
BY USING THE SITE, YOU AGREE TO OUR COLLECTION, USE AND MAINTENANCE OF YOUR INFORMATION IN THE UNITED STATES.
Ok, so we have been warned. I am sure every parent and kid goes to find the link to the privacy page and read the warning.
I did have to reduce the size of the screen. On my large monitor the word privacy seems to fall just below the cut-off for what can be seen. Ok, so what information might they get:
Our online and offline registration forms require users to give us contact information, including name, e-mail address and postal address. We may also collect your telephone number, year in school, anticipated enrollment date, gender, ethnicity, grade point average and intended major. We use this information to send you information about the specific colleges and universities that match your interests. You may also provide us with your informed consent to receive additional financial aid, scholarship, career and product and service information from Hobsons or directly from our partner colleges, universities and partner companies.
That’s not bad, offers from colleges. So they will give out some information to some people. But only to colleges because:
We do not release any information to our partners unless you have granted us permission to do so.
Not sure who they partner with, or is it there parent company Hobson’s partners? But they won’t release your kids info without your consent anyway.
We may also collect contact and other information from you if you: (1) participate in one of our contests or sweepstakes or apply for a scholarship from us; (2) order from us; (3) take part in one of our surveys; (4) contact us; or (5) otherwise voluntarily submit information to us, including in our online communities.
You always have the ability to opt out of receiving future mailings and special offers; see the “Opt Out” section below.
Ok, so maybe their partners will send you special offers even if you did not consent. I am sure the opt out is clearly stated while using the site and not buried 1300 words down into their privacy statement.
So they are using your kids data to send your kid ads from companies…I guess where you live is not personal.
We use web beacons, which are tiny graphic images, in our e-mails. These help us measure the effectiveness of our e-mail campaigns, by telling us whether the messages have been received, opened or otherwise acted upon.
Ok, never heard of web beacons, they just sound creepy.
So they know where your kid lives, and what they do on the web, but luckily they are not collecting personal information. You kid will be giving them their name, personality, interests, test scores, college acceptances, etc. Good thing they will not use any of that information they collect without asking you first:
We may use the information we collect from and about you for any of the following purposes: (1) to fulfill your requests for products and services; (2) to provide you with targeted offers, Site content and advertising on the Site; (3) to contact you with information and promotional materials and offers from our company as well as from our affiliates, other related companies, educational institutions, marketing partners and other third parties, if you have agreed to receive such communications;
Ummm…if you agree? You have to opt out, so basically you agree if you log in without opting out first.
Friday, March 22, 2013 9:29 AM
I would prefer that you not share my personal information with third parties, including your affiliates, for those parties’ own marketing or other purposes, and make no further use of my personal information as per your Privacy Statement.
User Name: PBogush
8th Grade Social Studies
Moran Middle School
“Before you criticize someone, walk a mile in their shoes. That way you’re a mile away, and you have their shoes too.”
I haven’t heard back yet.
So what can the corporations do with over 400 points of data on your child? I don’t know, and I bet they don’t exactly know yet either because they simply have not ever had this much data on this many kids to experiment with.
Consider a department store like Target. Without a billions in federal grants and help from other department stores they assign each customer a unique ID number that could keep tabs on everything they buy. They would know when you shop, what you shop for, how your purchases change, if you use a credit card or a coupon, or fill out a survey, or mail in a refund, or call their customer help line, or open an e-mail sent to you or visit their Web site. It would get recorded and linked to your unique ID number. Target would also be able to get you age, whether you are married or not, what part of town you live in, how long it takes you to drive to your store, your estimated salary, whether you have moved, what credit cards you own, and what other websites you visit. To fill the gaps there are companies that would sell them your ethnicity, job history, the magazines you read, if you’ve ever declared bankruptcy or got divorced, the year you bought (or lost) your house, where you went to college, what kinds of topics you talk about online, whether you prefer certain brands of coffee, paper towels, cereal or applesauce, your political leanings, reading habits, charitable giving and the number of cars you own.
Mathematicians and statisticians hired by Target, and companies that are going to work with your child’s data salivate over the data and what they can find. They know that we are creatures of habit and habits stick. Imagine a college looking at data from a kid and determining based on previous habits that there is an 85% probability that the kid has a medical issue that will result in an increasing number of missed classes…doe the financial aid offer disappear? Does a school system who is considering hiring you see that 95% of your students in the past five years have passed your class, but only 65% have passed the SBAC or PARC test so you get accused of grade inflation and your resume gets trashed?
I do not know what the data will be used for, but consider this. Target, one single store acting independently, knows when you are pregnant. They even know when you will have the baby, and no, it is not because you might have signed up for the baby registry. It is because they have 100’s of pieces of data on you. And they use that data to shape where you go and what you buy. If you would like to know more about what information about you is bought and sold by companies please read this.
Folks, there is more to this testing movement than meets the eye. We are being blinded by big money campaigns to make us believe that testing and data is the answer. We have been side swiped and made to argue that there should be less testing or different tests. My kids spent 15 hours testing this month. 15 hours going through the motions with a number 2 pencil fighting off boredom and sleep. Imagine what we could have done if they had said take 15 hours this week to do something that had a real purpose, made a real difference, for real people, responding to a real problem.
Nope, instead they answered:
When a man is born without a testes which is true?
a-he is more prone to sunburn
b-he eats less
c-he doesn’t produce estrogen
d-he has no sperm
(The above question is changed so that I am not hauled into court by the testing police, but I swear that it is so similar in nature to the original and one the kids talked about after the test.)
By the way, the answer is D. Knowing that means my kids are successful. If my kids are successful that means I am more successful. If I am more successful maybe my salary will go up and my evaluations will glow. It is easy to be successful on a test, much harder to make a difference. Next year when my kids test scores are tied to my evaluation, I can only hope that I stay focused on the latter. In the end, focusing on the test results will only make me one poor teacher…
The drive for more data will only make us all blind to the pain we are truly inflicting upon the kids.
Is this who we want to become? <– Hyperlink worth checking out
The information on Target I did not research, it is from a book I read entitled The power of Habit by Charles Duhigg. Anything that is blocked and quoted can easily be googled for the source. It is closing in on midnight and I am not going to go back and hyperlink to sources. The information comes direct from company websites, government websites, and much of the post came from CT’s “Application for Grants Under the Statewide Longitudinal data System Recovery Act Grants.”
And just for fun…
Please realize that despite its length, this post is a quick overview of where the data on your kids’ is going. I would need days to research, edit, and truly understand all the connections in order to produce a refined post. So please take this rough attempt to outline where your kids’ data is going as just that, a rough attempt!
I would like to dedicate this to all the Common Core Lemmings teaching in our classrooms across America.
At the National level there is the National Education Data Model (NEDM). The National Education Data Model is a P-20 data resource. P-20 is a preschool to work data base. Think of it as a group that decides what language will be spoken in the country. The language used to collect and access data is determined by the NEDM. Think of McDonald’s. They don’t grow potatoes, but they decide what kind, the size, shape, and everyone follows along. Or maybe Walmart is a better example. They don’t make the socks, but they give manufacturers parameters and the manufacturers could decide to follow or perish. The NEDM doesn’t collect the data, they will provide one stop shopping for the data about your children…data for free! 400 points of data on children, and more data on teachers, and more on other people. It is supported but not maintained by the Department of Education and under the auspices on the National Center for Education Statistics. It’s against federal code for the nation to maintain a national database on our kids. So they are getting around this by saying they are simply promoting data linkages across states, and if all 50 are linked into database that connects every single kid in the nation, well…the government does not consider that a national database.
Almost anyone with a good reason can use the data on the children, it is not really the NEDM’s (that is what non-proprietary means right?). That data can be used by schools, local education agencies (LEAs), states, policymakers, researchers, community organizations, vendors, school district staff, education vendors, software developers, and researchers to identify the information required for teaching, learning, administrative systems, and evaluation of education programs and approaches. “The Education Data Model strives to be a shared understanding among all education stakeholders as to what information needs to be collected and managed at the local level in order to enable effective instruction of students and superior leadership of schools.” Stakeholder, which is defined as any person, group organization that has a direct or indirect stake in the schools because they can be affected by the schools actions, objectives, or policies. So basically NEDM exists for anyone who uses student information in their work.
NEDM is funded by the U.S. Department of Education and run by the Council of Chief
State School Officers (CCSS), of Common Core State Standard Fame. So once again, the United States is funding some non-profits dream of controlling every piece of data collected about our kids. The NEDM was supposedly started to make sure that everyone that is collecting data is collecting the same data, so that all the databases and the country have an easier time talking to one another. This would better allow stakeholders to find out more about the kids, and helps stakeholders decide what information to collect “in order to meet their data needs.” By setting the standard, if a state is just starting to collect data they could just follow the NEDM and not have to decide for themselves what data is most important to collect, and if there is data they would like to collect that is not specified in the NEDM…well…
All of the ways the NEDM will be used have not even been thought of yet. The sky is truly the limit. Everyone from school administrators to non-profit organizations, to venders will have access to 400 points of information about our kids. Everything from the bus ride, to why they were out of school, to their nurse visits, to the test scores, to their parents income, to their nickname, to their biometrics. Each kid will have to have a unique student identifier called a Personal Identity Identifier (PPI). Their biometrics can follow that PPI and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) would allow for fingerprint, retina/iris patterns, voice prints, DNA sequence, facial characteristics, and handwriting to go into that biometric package. Throw in the kids’ religion, blood type, voting status, weight, and the number of attempts allowed by an instructor on an assignment or number of attempts taken by a student to complete the assignment and folks accessing your kids’ data can get a pretty complete picture. By the way, that last line was not a joke, it’s for real.
But I guess it will be worth it (that’s a joke) because “it will allow users to evaluate and improve existing data tools, easily share student information across local education agencies or with the state, see the relationships between data elements, and make more-informed decisions based on data.”
Did I mention that these people who will be accessing the data to create new worksheets, teacher training, software, and a million other things will not have to pay a dime. You children’s information will be given to them for free. But it gets better…there are already companies, led by the people who were in charge of the non-profit groups that created the database, that will be ready to sell the data back to the states. You got that right? Your kid takes a test, the data is collected by state, the state submits it to the NEDM, and then a company who has the kids’ achievement in their best interests, accesses it, organizes it, and gives it back to the state…for a fee.
All of the national data will be hosted here: http://nces.sifinfo.org/datamodel (edit 10/5/13-seems the previous page has been taken down, the homesite is here https://www.sifassociation.org/) The Data Model browser will be hosted by Schools Interoperability Framework (SIF) which will allow people to search by keyword and browse the data. The SIF Association is a nonprofit organization…
“which includes as members local and state K-12 education agencies, software vendors, and others in the education community. The organization has created and continues to enhance a vendor-neutral “technical blueprint” for exchanging K-12 data. SIF defines suggested standards for naming, defining, and formatting data elements, as well as the technical specifications to facilitate interaction between software applications to enable applications from different developers to easily interact and exchange data. SIF also includes a data model, depicting the relationships among the data. SIF includes data elements in various areas such as student information, assessment, facilities, finances, food services, transportation, and professional development.
See, the rules laid out by SIF make it easier (cheaper) for venders to get information because Pearson could tap into information of kids in Texas, and then instantly flip to kids in Connecticut because it will all be in one place, because they all used the same standards.
SIF states on their website that it was created in response to a demand from teachers! Apparently teachers were demanding better data so 19 companies meet to figure out how they could corral all the student data in the country into a nice easy to use system. This way it would be easier for them to make software to sell to the schools. The meetings between these companies and the standards they produced, the standards that these for profit companies told the schools to follow eventually became known as SIF. So guess who the lead company was? Microsoft. Guess who unveiled SIF to the world at a meeting of the American Association of School Administrators? Bill Gates back in 1999. So now they had a system in place, but now needed more data to fill it. Go-go CCSS!!
SIF has a partner with the Postsecondary Electronic Standards Council (PESC) who will help them out…I guess it just too much data for one group.
“Among the organization’s (PESC) missions is to create data standards to facilitate the exchange of data among postsecondary institutions. As a “standards” resource, PESC provides range of standards for higher education, cataloguing data elements, definitions, and code sets, and specifying technical requirements. The PESC standards for student transcripts have been cross-walked to the SIF standards for student records to ensure comparability and completeness. PESC and SIFA continue to work together to promote interoperability. K-12 education agencies may use PESC standards to enable data sharing with postsecondary institutions about students bound for or enrolled in Higher Education.”
Basically SIF will track your kid from pk-12, and PESC will take over from college on.
PESC is an organization of colleges and universities; professional and commercial organizations; data, software and service providers; nonprofit organizations and associations; and state and federal government agencies. One thing that they are working on is international interoperability. Basically figuring out how to have your kids’ data flow seamlessly between the systems of “communities of interest” wherever and whenever they need it without any barriers.
Now here is a confusing one coming up…I am not making that up, I am truly confused so I apologize if I give out some inaccurate information about the next level of data. Below NEDM is the Common Education Data Standards (CEDS). Now if I have it right, the NEDM would set the language for the data to be collected, and the CEDS would set the language on the exchanging, comparison, and understanding of the data across state level P-20s. Now of course it is totally voluntary, states don’t have to do it. States don’t also have to have seat belt laws…unless they want federal highway dollars. State will get the money needed to set-up the systems to comply with CEDS, there are like 13 federal grants they can get. Of course, they have to do a lot of things first to comply, the biggest is to get all sorts of data about the kids to be automatically transferred to the NEDM. Once there, I am not sure how it “will enable us to bring together our data in new and important ways and will empower us to use those data to the benefit of each teacher and each learner – and, thus, to the benefit of the nation.”
The CEDS Consortium is led by the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), of Common Core State Standard fame, and the State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO), that has partnered with the National Center on Education Statistics (NCES) who will bring an exciting website to the deal. So basically all private groups are setting this up, telling the governments what to do, and then the NCES will open up a domain for them to use so that it will appear as though the United States of America is standing behind this and keeping your kids’ information safe. CEDS other partners include SIF, PESC, and the Data Quality Campaign (DQC).
The DQC is basically lobbyists and advocates to get more student data, because the more data they get people to collect, the more successful teacher I will be. DQC’s founder and director, Aimee Guidera, worked for Center for Best Practices at the National Governors Association. You know, the one half of the team who brought us the Common Core State Standards. So I guess first you make the standards, and then you get a job figuring out how to data mine them.
The connections between people, their current positions, and the organizations they worked for are amazing. If Common Core and all these data groups were people they would get arrested for incest and inbreeding. Just one example Alex Jakl worked for CCSSO, then worked on the CEDS, then at SIF, and now is one of the heads of Choice P20 which has partnered with Microsoft and Pearson to move your kids’ data from the database to stakeholders. One would be their partner the Public Consulting Group (PCG). Public consulting group provides schools with data management software to deal with problems like student behavior and 504 compliance. PCG will do quite well getting their data from a company whose leader set-up the system originally for non-profits.
How about one more example of inbreeding…the database was a project of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which provided most of the funding, the Carnegie Corporation of New York and school officials from several states. Rupert Murdoch, you know that guy right? Has been putting his money into education and created Amplify Education, that’s the company he hired the former New York City schools chancellor Joel Klein to run. Amplify built the infrastructure over the past 18 months and then the Gates Foundation turned the database over to a newly created nonprofit, inBloom Inc to run it. One of the heads of inBloom is Sharren Bates who in the past worked for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. inBloom received $110,000,000 from Mr. Bill Gates to get started, and will reportedly start charging states in 2015.
The last piece of the data puzzle is the The P20 State Core Logical Data Model developed as part of the Common Data Standards (CDS) adoption work with funding from the Gates Foundation. Each state has a P20 group. In Connecticut they don’t give a single hint to the fact that they were created to mine data. Each states P20 group that mines data has a choice, manage everything by themselves, or the data can be “maintained and governed as a model by a joint task force of SIFA and PESC on behalf of CCSSO and SHEEO and their member states (to be determined).” I think states will be saving millions and turn your kids’ data over to them. Obama brilliantly bribed states into this with the stimulus package a few years ago. To get certain funds states had to create Longitudinal Data Systems, P20 system from almost birth to workforce. The Department of Labor is officially a stakeholder in this system somehow, so anything thing they have on you, or anything you do that is connected to their funds would be turned over to the database…unemployment time for example. I have forgotten the details and it’s too late to research now!
The first stimulus package contained $250,000,000 for states to create Longitudinal Data Systems. But first to be considered, states had to create statewide longitudinal data systems that included not only education data for elementary and secondary students, but also post-secondary and workforce information. The data for the K-12 kids had to reflect the 10 essential elements promoted by the Data Quality Campaign (remember them?) and whose partners include 50can, College Board, and the Fordham Institute.
I would just like to end with a last thought…you might hear that your kids’ information is safe because of HIPPA and FERPA. They both have exceptions written in.
FERPA regulations provide specific conditions under which prior consent from parents is not required for disclosure of personally identifiable student information. The conditions or exceptions for such non-consensual disclosure include the circumstances, below.
1. Directory Information. Information that falls within the FERPA definition of “directory information” may be disclosed without prior consent. At § 99.3, “directory information” is defined as information that would not generally be considered harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed. Directory information that may be disclosed without prior consent includes the student’s name, date of birth, grade, address, telephone number, email address, photograph, etc. However, students’ social security numbers, unique identification numbers and other personal information may not be disclosed as directory information.
2. Local Education Agency (LEA )Disclosure to State Education Agency (SEA). LEAs and institutions may disclose personally identifiable student information to (SEA) without prior written consent from the parents or eligible students if such disclosure is in connection with an audit or evaluation of federal or state supported educational programs, or the enforcement of or compliance with federal legal requirements relating to such programs. The SEA must destroy the information when it is no longer needed for the purpose for which it was disclosed. This exception allows the SEA to comply with its federal and State legislative mandates to monitor the delivery of education services.
Any data can be given out to anyone the town, state, or country has hired to do “research” on their behalf.
The reason why any information the school nurse has on your child will end up in the database is because HIPPA does not cover medical care that takes place within a school.
If you made it this far you are nuts! Squirrels will be following you to work. Again, when i started reading about the Common Core data mine I never thought it was going to turn into a post. My randoms thoughts while reading, my hand scribbled notes, and my cut and paste paragraphs are what made it into this post. I am sure there is a mistake, and I am sure I did not throw “ ” around words that were not mine… it was not intentional!
The other posts on Common Core Standards I have written are here.